In the past 3 million years we human beings got civilized. We became human beings from hominids during that time. The element that kept our crank moving was emotion, love, and conscience. Will the advanced artificial intelligence in the next few decades surpass our values with greater nobility or we are left to become the guinea pig of them and become extinct. This paper gives some credible thought to that uncertainty.
The technological singularity is the hypothesis that the invention of Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI) will spur technological growth in a way that we cannot even imagine now, resulting in profound changes to human civilization. Scientist Stanislaw Ulam reports a discussion with Von Neumann that is centred on the accelerating progress of technology and changes in the mode of human life, which gives the possibility of approaching some essential singularity in the history of the race beyond which human civilization we are accustomed to could not continue. Subsequent authors have echoed this viewpoint. In the 2010s, public figures such as Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk expressed concern that full artificial intelligence could obliterate human race. The consequences of the singularity and its potential benefit or harm to the human race have been hotly debated. A number of studies scenarios combine elements from both of these possibilities, suggesting that humans are likely to be connected with computers or upload their brain to computers, in a way that enables substantial intelligence amplification. Many prominent technologists and academics raise question against technological singularity, including Paul Allen, Jeff Bezos, John Holland, and Gordon Moore, whose law is often cited in support of the concept. A 2017 email survey of authors with publications at the 2015 NIPS and ICML machine learning conferences asked them about the chance of an intelligence explosion. 12% said it was “quite likely”, 17% said it was “likely”, 21% said it was “about even”, 24% said it was “unlikely” and 26% said it was “quite unlikely”. Some intelligence technologies, like “seed AI”, may also have the potential to make themselves more intelligent, not just by being faster, but by modifying their source code. These improvements would make further improvements possible and this will go on.
We are witnessing Tesla’s AI enabled cars getting better at servicing human beings. As of now, we are seeing AI programs beat humans in very complex games like Alpha go and take part in gaming competitions. The game Alpha go has a number of possible combinations which cannot be implemented by any computer, so with help of AI technique call training by convolutional network machines are taught to play Go and by this AI enabled machines has been able to defeat the best human go player. AI scientists are teaching robots to draw paintings. Recently an intelligent computer program based AI has a made a painting which has been sold by Christie at 432,000 USD. So, the concept that that AI bots cannot perform creative tasks like writing, painting, creating music has already been shattered.
However, even this notion is being challenged. So, Scientists are predicting that around the year 2045, machines will develop a notion of self-awareness and develop something similar to what we call conscience i.e. awareness of the self, the surroundings, the purpose of life, ethics and morality etc. This is the point when it will be impossible to differentiate a machine from a human and machine intelligence will converge with human intelligence resulting in singularity.
Eight years from now, all the other kids in a girl’s third-grade class are way ahead of her. The reason is that their brains are connected directly to Google and a calculator, enabling them to talk back and forth by Wi-Fi telepathy between their brains. However, that particular girl whose brain is not connected to computing power available on the internet sits silently in her class being stunted because she must memorize the entire thing in an old-fashioned way and cannot send messages brain-to-brain. Eventually, our brain will be replaced by a computer and we will be called homo hybridus then our entire body will no longer be biological they will be machine fully and we will be called homo machinus then.
According to obsolete ideas, rationality and emotion are fundamentally opposed because rationality is a cold, calculating practice using deductive logic, probabilities, and utilities. But there is abundant evidence from psychology, neuroscience, and behavioral economics that cognition and emotion are intertwined in the human mind and brain. Although there are cases where emotions make people irrational, for example, when a person loves an abusive spouse, there are many other cases where good decisions depend on our emotional reactions to situations. Emotions help people to decide what is important and to integrate complex information into crucial decisions. So it might be useful to try to make a robot that has emotions too. And we have to train the robots from the very beginning the way we train our children to make them serve the human race in a humane way.
The result would be important for worries about the future of humanity, as robots and intelligent computers become more prominent. One of the main concerns about the possibility of highly intelligent and independent robots is that they may act only in their own interests and therefore become harmful to humans. Building robots to take care of us might be one way of preventing them from making a technological disaster. Unfortunately, by that time, robots will be building robots and they might prefer to keep aside the emotions in favour of their own goals.
We are a little bit clear now that future’s Omni-powerful robots with advanced artificial intelligence will challenge the three million years of nature’s labour to make us the very human that we are now. Our compassion, jealousy, love, hate above all are our supreme belief in making us noble may be sidestepped by the greater power of AI, may by being more ruthless or nobler.
Rudra Prakash Sarkar